Pakistan Needs Avoiding Great Power Rivalry Crossfire In Asia Pacific Region: Experts

Pakistan needs avoiding great power rivalry crossfire in Asia Pacific region: Experts

The experts at a seminar here on Wednesday said Pakistan needed to avoid getting caught into the crossfire of the power rivalry in the Asia Pacific region and should not be forced to pick sides in the emerging security dynamics between the US and China

ISLAMABAD, (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News - 24th Nov, 2021 ) :The experts at a seminar here on Wednesday said Pakistan needed to avoid getting caught into the crossfire of the power rivalry in the Asia Pacific region and should not be forced to pick sides in the emerging security dynamics between the US and China. This was the key message of leading diplomats, former senior military officers, and eminent intellectuals at the International Seminar on "US' Indo-Pacific Shift: Risks and Opportunities for Pakistan" organized by the Centre for Aerospace & Security Studies (CASS). President CASS Air Marshal (r) Farhat Hussain Khan, in his welcome remarks highlighted the evolution of the US' Indo-Pacific shift and assessed the situation from a historical perspective.

While explaining US interests in the region, he stressed that the world was witnessing the implementation of the US' Indo-Pacific Strategy in the form of accelerated regional alliance formation, close security cooperation and large-scale military build-up in Asia-Pacific.

He also touched upon China's "Five Principles of Coexistence" and emphasized that these contrasting world views of two contemporary great powers reflected two different civilizational cultures and would have far-reaching impact in geopolitical, geo-economic and geostrategic spheres.

President concluded that US' unilateral approach towards India was very destabilizing for conflict resolution in South Asia making Indian leadership more arrogant and reluctant to resume dialogue with Pakistan on outstanding issues like Jammu & Kashmir.

In her Keynote Address, Senator Sherry Rehman maintained that of three great meta-trends, the digital age was the most important which was transforming the nature of power and bending history in non-traditional paths.

Commenting on the US' Indo-Pacific tilt, Senator Rehman warned that the American neuralgia to contain the rise of China would force many countries to make umbrella choices based on military binaries.

She noted that the US had made a clear decision to ally with India in multiple domains including space, defense, maritime and was now bound to India through its powerful diaspora. On Pak-US relations, she lamented that Pakistan was viewed from the prism of Afghanistan and treated as a mistrustful, transactional "frenemy", which she termed the "anti-hero of all allies." She cautioned against forcing regional countries to make zero sum choices between Washington and Beijing and stressed that interdependence should be the way forward. "Pakistan must walk away from making emotional decisions and should focus on the rational," she urged.

Speaking from Washington, Ambassador (r) Richard Olson underlined that the US did not view its competition with China as carving the world into blocs as had happened during the Cold War.

He stressed that US competition with China was not military rather, it was economic, and the former was willing to cooperate with China where it could such as on climate change, COVID-19, Afghanistan, and strategic stability.

According to him, there existed a realization in US policy circles that asking countries to choose between US and China was unrealistic. Nonetheless, there was a growing consensus in Washington that China's rise was a principal foreign policy challenge.

Admiral (r) Mohammad Asif Sandila provided a comparative assessment of China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the US' Indo-Pacific shift and stated that the former was fast developing connectivity projects, whereas the latter was marred by security concerns.

He stressed that China's stability depended on naval power and added that Beijing had learnt from the Soviet example and would avoid a confrontation with the US.

Ambassador (r) Jalil Abbas Jilani advocated that Pakistan needs to assure the Americans that it would continue to play the role of a bridge between the US and China and not play one against the other.

On the other hand, he also warned against the challenges of being forced to choose sides and acknowledged that due to ideological, cultural, economic, security and political factors, the US-China confrontation would continue for a long time.

He added that Pakistan's challenges vis-a-vis this rivalry would have economic and security dimensions, especially in terms of sustaining economic cooperation with China while retaining Western goodwill.

While delivering the Concluding Address, Ambassador (r) Inam ul Haq highlighted that there were various levels of pressure in US-China bilateral relations, including areas of potential confrontation such as Taiwan, South China Sea, and Indo-China border hostilities. The US was also exerting pressure on China on human rights issues and had initiated a trade war that included the imposition of anti-dumping duties, high tariffs, sanctions, efforts to decouple the two economies and intensifying tech war.

He added that the most concerning pressure was in the area of geo-economics that had forced China to create an alternative economic system. Ambassador Inam recommended that Pakistan should apply for the membership of G-20; and was of the view that the US considered an arrangement over air lines of communication (ALOCs) as the Primary determinant of future Pak-US relations.