The Death Penalty Around The World
Sumaira FH 12 days ago Fri 08th October 2021 | 10:07 PM
With Sierra Leone formally abolishing the death penalty Friday, only around 50 countries still continue to use capital punishment
Paris, (APP - UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News - 8th Oct, 2021 ) :With Sierra Leone formally abolishing the death penalty Friday, only around 50 countries still continue to use capital punishment.
Here is a global overview: - Abolished - More than 100 countries have formally abolished the death penalty for all crimes.
But some 144 countries have abolished either in law or practice, according to an Amnesty tally last year.
- United States - Virginia became the 23rd American state to abolish the death penalty in March 2020, a decision which is highly symbolic because it is the first from the old Confederate south to do so. It also held the United States record for executions.
Three other states: California, Oregon, and Pennsylvania, have a moratorium on the death penalty, meaning they do not apply it although it remains on the statute books.
- Africa - More than 30 African countries still have the death penalty on their statute books but just less than half of them have carried out executions in recent years.
- 483 executions in 2020 - At least 483 people were executed last year in 18 countries, according to Amnesty.
The decrease in the total number of executions carried out around the world is mainly down to two middle Eastern countries: Saudi Arabia where the number fell by 85 percent and Iraq where they fell by more than half.
- Tripled in Egypt - After a break of several years, India, Oman and Qatar resumed executions. In sub-Saharan Africa executions fell by 36 percent, going from 25 in 2019 to 16 last year. However in Egypt they have tripled to reach a total unseen since a peak in 2013 of 109.
For the 12th consecutive year, the US was the only country on the American continent to execute prisoners, putting 17 people to death -- five less than in 2019.
But the number of death sentences doled out there dropped from 35 to 18.
This drop is partly due to the pandemic which hindered the justice systems around the world.