World Sleep Day: Everyone Has Dreams, Not Everyone Remembers Them
Fakhir Rizvi 5 days ago Fri 15th March 2019 | 10:06 PM
March 15 marks World Sleep Day, which was established by the World Sleep Day Committee of World Sleep Society, and is considered to be a celebration of sleep and a call to action on important issues related to sleep
All people dream, but not everyone remembers them. The widespread belief that mentally healthy people have only black-and-white dreams and those who have problems dream in color is not supported by scientific evidence.
According to experts polled by Sputnik, there is a theory that black-and-white dreams do not even exist and that people who just wake up cannot always recall the bright colors.
"I believe in the point of view that all the dreams are colorful. We can just remember or not remember the colors we see in a dream. If a person who talks about a black-and-white dream is asked to clarify the colors in it, he will be able to recall certain colors if he tries," Elena Korabelnikova, the president of the Russian Society of Researchers of Dreams and professor of the Department of Nervous Diseases at Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, said.
"There is a certain category of neurological diseases that affect certain areas of the brain when a person does not see dreams, but it is hard to say with certainty that he or she does not dream. It is possible that some mechanisms of memorization and reproduction are suffering," Korabelnikova explained.
In turn, Professor Alexey Bobrov, a psychotherapist and psychiatrist at Serbsky Federal Medical Research Centre of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Russian Health Ministry, noted that emotional and creative people, as well as those who were emerging from depression, had bright-colored dreams.
"What we dream about is a rather complicated result of processing many different factors. Dreams are one of the types of mental activity that simply takes place outside of one's consciousness," Bobrov said.
He explained that during the day a person accumulates information, which the brain then processes at night, placing it in the right parts of the brain.
She added that most often people had dreams with neutral meanings.
"There may be a false impression that we see more negative dreams, but if you rank dreams we remember according to emotional coloring, then the nightmares and unpleasantly emotional dreams are the ones that stick to our memory the most, pleasant dreams are less memorable and neutral ones are remembered are the least," Korabelnikova said.
She clarified that if a person's nightmares were becoming intrusive, recurring and painful, then this would be a sign of health problems, and that person should consult with a doctor to figure out what they may be.
According to experts, a dream is an integrative reflection of the state of a person.
"[Russian writer Mikhail] Saltykov-Shchedrin spoke about dreams very metaphorically: if a person is good then no matter how he pretends that he is bad, his dreams will still be joyful and pleasant, and if a person is bad, then no matter how he shows that he is good, his dreams will still be heavy and sad," Korabelnikova added.
Bobrov said that when a child had dreams of flying, it did not mean that the baby was growing because there was no scientific evidence of this.
Although, according to Korabelnikova, this myth appeared not without reason, since children really grow in their sleep up to 70 percent of the growth hormone is produced in a sleep. In addition, children often dream of flying because they are more relaxed and free than adults.