C.Africa's Leap Into Bitcoin Leaves Its People Bemused
Faizan Hashmi Published May 08, 2022 | 08:40 AM
Libreville, May 8 (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News - 8th May, 2022 ) :In the Central African Republic (CAR), nine out of 10 people do not have internet, and only one in seven has electricity -- that is, when there are no power cuts.
"What is it?" asked Sylvain, a man in his 30s, waiting for his turn at the cash machine, which was operating thanks to a generator.
All transactions using the cryptocurrency, including payment of taxes, are being authorised.
Government spokesman Serge Ghislain Djorie told AFP: "We are going to launch an awareness campaign and shortly introduce fibre optic cable -- a low internet connection is enough to buy cryptocurrency." But even among CAR's business community, which in theory is best placed to use bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies regulated by the new law, scepticism runs deep.
"I'm not interested in having bitcoin here -- we have no infrastructure and no knowledge for getting involved in this adventure and there's no cybercrime unit to ensure security," said an entrepreneur, who spoke on the condition of anonymity.
Foreign analysts have been pondering why this deeply troubled economy should adopt a novel and volatile currency rather than a time-honoured stable unit such as the US Dollar.
Just this week, Economy Minister Herve Ndoba said a shortfall in government income was so severe that without foreign help, spending cuts of up to 60 percent loomed for some ministries.
"CAR has many problems. Adding another currency like bitcoin as legal tender will unlikely meaningfully address those," said Ousmene Jacques Mandeng, a visiting fellow at the London school of Economics (LSE).
Bitcoin's "excess volatility... translates to fluctuations in household savings, consumption and wealth," warned Ganesh Viswanath-Nastraj, an assistant professor of finance at Warwick Business School in England.
In a report in December 2020, a US watchdog called The Sentry said the CAR had become "a breeding ground for transnational criminal networks." "Money laundering and the trafficking of natural resources, drugs, weapons, and diplomatic passports are rampant," it said.
But, he said, "we were not warned by Bangui about its decision." - Russian factor? - Some experts see a possible explanation for Touadera's announcement in his entwinement with Russia, perceived as desperate for currency after Western countries imposed sanctions over its invasion of Ukraine.
"The context, given systemic corruption and a Russian partner facing international sanctions, does encourage suspicion," said Thierry Vircoulon, a specialist on Central Africa at the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) think tank.
"Russia's search for ways to get around international sanctions is an invitation to be cautious."But some voices, including the head of the International Monetary Fund, Kristalina Georgieva, have voiced doubts that digital currencies can be an effective tool for bypassing sanctions.