World 'better Place' 25 Years After Nuclear Test-ban Treaty
Muhammad Irfan 26 days ago Sat 25th September 2021 | 07:20 PM
Vienna, Sept 25 (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News - 25th Sep, 2021 ) :Twenty-five years after its adoption, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty has made the world a safer place, experts say, despite never being ratified and concerns over North Korea.
Between then and September 24, 1996, when the treaty opened for signature, more than 2,000 nuclear tests were carried out, says Robert Floyd, head of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), a UN body.
Nevertheless eight nuclear powers, including China, North Korea and the United States have refused to ratify the landmark treaty, preventing it from entering into force and despite increasing pressure, there is little sign that they will change their minds, analysts say.
The accord has set a "global norm against testing," he adds. "The only country to test this century is North Korea." To ensure the absence of nuclear tests, the CTBTO, which operates with an annual budget of around 111 million Euros ($130 million), has set up more than 300 monitoring stations around the world, which are capable of detecting the slightest explosion in real time.
- 'Testing taboo' - The treaty effectively stops nuclear proliferation "by making testing taboo," says Jean-Marie Collin of the French branch of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN).
Floyd said he wanted to have "a conversation" with those states about "the pathway that we can have, to get from where we are now to a point where they would ratify and we could see, for all of humanity, a legally binding ban".
But he gave no further details about how he wants to overcome the long-entrenched impasse.
If the treaty comes into force, the CTBTO would have the power to carry out on-site inspections.
In Washington, no one since former US president Bill Clinton "has dared" to present the text to Congress because the Republicans formally oppose signing it, says Emmanuelle Maitre of the Foundation for Strategic Research.