How Many Surahs In Quran - List And Order Of Surah In Holy Quran

How Many Surahs In Quran - List And Order Of Surah In Holy Quran

In the Quran, a Surah is the equivalent of a "chapter". The Quran contains 114 Surahs, each of which is divided into ayahs (verses). Surahs vary in length, with the shortest (Al-Kauser) having just three verses and the longest (Al-Baqarah) having 286 verses.

Makki chapters account for 86 of the Quran's 114 chapters, while Madni chapters account for 28. Any chapter revealed after Muhammad's migration to Madina (Hijrah) is referred to as Madni, although any chapter revealed before that incident is called Makki. The Makki chapters are all about religion and details from the afterlife. The Madani chapters, on the other hand, are more associated with organizing the social life of the emerging Muslim community and leading Muslims to Dar al-Islam by demonstrating power against disbelievers.

Chapters or Surahs begin with "In the Name of Allah, Ar-Rahman (The Beneficent), Ar-Rahim (The Merciful)," exception for Surah At-Tawbah. The Bismillah is a formula that marks the beginning and end of Surahs. Since the chapters are grouped in decreasing scale, the Quran's structure is neither linear nor thematic.

During the standing sections (Qiyam) of Muslim prayers, Surahs (chapters) are recited. Per unit of prayer repeats Surah Al-Fatiha, the first chapter of the Quran. Such prayer units often provide the recitation of all or half of another Surah.

Origin of Word Surah

At the time of Muhammad, the word Surah was used to refer to a section or series of verses from the Quran shown by the term Surah appearing in various places in the Quran. "We have sent down and named a Surah, and We have sent down in it signals, simple signs, that you can hopefully know." [24:1 Quran] The Quran also mentions it in plural form: "Or do they mean, He invented it?" "If you are honest, then bring ten Surahs like it and call on whomever you can except God." [11:13 in the Quran]

Arthur Jeffery proposed in 1938 that the name came from the Syriac word surta, which means 'writing.'

Initial efforts

Several medieval Islamic authors tried, with varying success, to assemble a chronologically arranged list of the chapters. Since there are no authenticated sources from the time of Muhammad (S.A.W) or his companions, their works must be based on the views of historians, and none date from before the first qtr of the eighth century. One edition is provided in 15th-century research by Abd al-Kafi and is included in the standard Egyptian version of the Quran's chronological order (1924). Abu Salih mentions another list, and the book 'Kitab Mabani' contains a slightly different version of Abu Salih's. Ibn Nadim, who lived in the 10th century, provides yet another example.

Several verses are linked to specific events, making it easier to arrange them. Chapter 96 was Muhammad's (S.A.W) first Wahi (year 609). The migration of Muslims in the year 622 is stated in verses 16:41 and 47:13. The battles of Badr (624) and Uhud (625) are mentioned in verses 8:1–7 and 3:120–175, respectively. In 5:3, Muhammad says his last pilgrimage, which took place in 632, just months before his death.

List of Surahs in Quran

Following is the list of Surahs in the Quran.

# Ttile Number of Verses (Rukus) Place of Revelation Juz
1 Al-Fatiha 7 (1) Makkah 1
2 Al-Baqarah 286 (40) Madinah 1-3
3 Al Imran 200 (20) Madinah 3-4
4 An-Nisa 176 (24) Madinah 4-6
5 Al-Ma'idah 120 (16) Madinah 6-7
6 Al-An'am 165 (20) Makkah 7-8
7 Al-A'raf 206 (24) Makkah 8-9
8 Al-Anfal 75 (10) Madinah 9-10
9 At-Tawbah 129 (16) Madinah 10-11
10 Yunus 109 (11) Makkah 11
11 Hud 123 (10) Makkah 11-12
12 Yusuf 111 (12) Makkah 12-13
13 Ar-Ra'd 43 (6) Madinah

13

14 Ibrahim 52 (7) Makkah
15 Al-Hijr 99 (6) Makkah

14

16 An-Nahl 128 (16) Makkah
17 Al-Isra 111 (12) Makkah 15
18 Al-Kahf 110 (12) Makkah 15-16
19 Maryam 98 (6) Makkah

16

20 Ta-Ha 135 (8) Makkah
21 Al-Anbiya 112 (7) Makkah

17

22 Al-Hajj 78 (10) Madinah
23 Al-Mu'minun 118 (6) Makkah

18

24 An-Nur 64 (9) Madinah
25 Al-Furqan 77 (6) Makkah 18-19
26 Ash-Shu'ara 227 (11) Makkah 19
27 An-Naml 93 (7) Makkah 19-20
28 Al-Qasas 88 (9) Makkah 20
29 Al-Ankabut 69 (7) Makkah 20-21
30 Ar-Rum 60 (6) Makkah

21

31 Luqmaan 34 (4) Makkah
32 As-Sajda 30 (3) Makkah
33 Al-Ahzaab 73 (9) Madinah 21-22
34 Saba (surah) 54 (6) Makkah

22

35 Faatir 45 (5) Makkah
36 Yaseen 83 (5) Makkah 22-23
37 As-Saaffaat 182 (5) Makkah

23

38 Saad 88 (5) Makkah
39 Az-Zumar 75 (8) Makkah 23-24
40 Ghafir 85 (9) Makkah 24
41 Fussilat 54 (6) Makkah 24-25
42 Ash_Shooraa 53 (5) Makkah

25

43 Az-Zukhruf 89 (7) Makkah
44 Ad-Dukhaan 59 (3) Makkah
45 Al-Jaathiyah 37 (4) Makkah
46 Al-Ahqaaf 35 (4 1/2) Makkah

26

47 Muhammad 38 (4) Madinah
48 Al-Fath 29 (4 1/2) Madinah
49 Al-Hujuraat 18 (2 1/2) Madinah
50 Qaaf 45 (3) Makkah
51 Adh-Dhaariyaat 60 (2 1/2) Makkah 26-27
52 At-Toor 49 (2 1/2) Makkah

27

53 An-Najm 62 (2 1/2) Makkah
54 Al-Qamar 55 (2 1/2) Makkah
55 Ar-Rahman 78 (3) Madinah
56 Al-Waqi'a 96 (3 1/2) Makkah
57 Al-Hadeed 29 (4) Madinah
58 Al-Mujadila 22 (3 1/2) Madinah

28

59 Al-Hashr 24 (3 1/2) Madinah
60 Al-Mumtahanah 13 (2 1/2) Madinah
61 As-Saff 14 (1 1/2 Madinah
62 Al-Jumu'ah 11 (1 1/2 Madinah
63 Al-Munafiqoon 11 (1 1/2) Madinah
64 At-Taghabun 18 (2) Madinah
65 At-Talaq 12 (2) Madinah
66 At-Tahreem 12 (2) Madinah
67 Al-Mulk 30 (1 1/2) Makkah

29

68 Al-Qalam 52 (2) Makkah
69 Al-Haaqqa 52 (2) Makkah
70 Al-Ma'aarij 44 (1 1/2) Makkah
71 Nooh 28 (1 1/2) Makkah
72 Al-Jinn 28 (2) Makkah
73 Al-Muzzammil 20 (1 1/2) Makkah
74 Al-Muddaththir 56 (2) Makkah
75 Al-Qiyamah 40 (1) Makkah
76 Al-Insaan 31 (2) Madinah
77 Al-Mursalaat 50 (1 1/2) Makkah
78 An-Naba' 40 (1 1/2) Makkah

30

79 An-Naazi'aat 46 (1 1/2) Makkah
80 Abasa 42 (1) Makkah
81 At-Takweer 29 (1) Makkah
82 Al-Infitar 19 (1/2) Makkah
83 Al-Mutaffifeen 36 (1) Makkah
84 Al-Inshiqaaq 25 (1) Makkah
85 Al-Burooj 22 (1) Makkah
86 At-Taariq 17 (1/2) Makkah
87 Al-A'laa 19 (1/2) Makkah
88 Al-Ghaashiyah 26 (1) Makkah
89 Al-Fajr 30 (1) Makkah
90 Al-Balad 20 (1/2) Makkah
91 Ash-Shams 15 (1/2) Makkah
92 Al-Layl 21 (1/2) Makkah
93 Ad-Dhuha 11 (1/2) Makkah
94 Ash-Sharh (Al-Inshirah) 8 (1/3) Makkah
95 At-Teen 8 (1/3) Makkah
96 Al-Alaq 19 (1/2) Makkah
97 Al-Qadr 5 (1/3) Makkah
98 Al-Bayyinahh 8 (1) Madinah
99 Az-Zalzalah 8 (1/3) Madinah
100 Al-'Aadiyaat 11 (1/3) Makkah
101 Al-Qaari'ah 11 (1/3) Makkah
102 At-Takaathur 8 (1/3) Makkah
103 Al-'Asr 3 (1/3) Makkah
104 Al-Humazah 9 (1/3) Makkah
105 Al-Feel 5 (1/3) Makkah
106 Quraysh 4 (1/3) Makkah
107 Al-Maa'oon 7 (1/3) Makkah
108 Al-Kawthar 3 (1/3) Makkah
109 Al-Kaafiroon 6 (1/3) Makkah
110 An-Nasr 3 (1/3) Madinah
111 Al-Masad 5 (1/3) Makkah
112 Al-Ikhlaas 4 (1/3) Makkah
113 Al-Falaq 5 (1/3) Makkah
114 Al-Naas 6 (1/3) Makkah
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