- Ghazwa E Badar - Complete Information, Lessons To Learn, List Of Badri Sahaba Names
Ghazwa E Badar - Complete Information, Lessons To Learn, List Of Badri Sahaba Names
Ghazwa e Badar is a significant military victory for Muslims. This major victory was led by our Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Before explaining about Ghazwa e Badar, let’s have a brief discussion on what Ghazwa is.
Ghazwa is a battle in which personally our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW) took part.
In the Holy Quran, there is also a discussion on Ghazwa e Badar. And Ghazwa e Badar is referred to as “Youm Ul Furqan”. Youm Ul Furqan means “The Day Of Criterion”. The Ghazwa was held on 13 March 624 CE, i.e., on 17 Ramadan Ul Mubarak. It was the first yet the most important Ghazwa for the Muslims.
A brief discussion about Ghazwa e Badar
When Allah SWT has selected the Holy Prophet SAW as His last messenger, the Holy Prophet SAW asked Quraish to worship One and Only God. The Quraish of Makkah denied him and teased the Holy Prophet SAW. They refused to accept Islam. The Quraish worshiped idols and false gods. They denied this new religion, and their severe oppositions caused the Holy Prophet SAW much distress and trouble. Prophet Muhammad SAW decided to migrate from Makkah to Madina.
This event of Islamic history is known as Hijra. After migration, the battle of Badar took place. This battle is an important battle for Muslims.
This battle was against the Non-Muslims, which were the Quraish of Makkah. In this battle, the Muslims were in the minority, whereas the non-muslim were in the majority with equipped weapons.
Muslims faced many problems after migration from Makkah to Madina. In every walk of life, Quraish distraught Muslims. Among the non-Muslims, Abu Sufyan was the most prominent name. Non-Muslims were equipped with weapons, and they had a strong army. The caravan of Abu Sufyan was the richest. His caravan moved from Syria to Makkah. When the Holy Prophet Muhammad SAW heard this news, he planned to attack that caravan. Our Holy Prophet SAW gathered around 313 people and tried to attack that caravan.
List of Sahabas took part in Ghazwa e Badar
There are a total of 313 Sahaba that participated in Ghazwa e Badar. Some of the names of the Sahaba that took part in Ghazwa e Badar are as follows.
- Hazrat Abu Bakar Siddique R.A
- Hazrat Umar bin Khattab R.A
- Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib R.A
- Hazrat Arqam bin Abi Arqam R.A
- Hazrat Bilal bin Rabah R.A
- Hazrat Zayd bin Khattab R.A
- Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir R.A
- Hazrat Malik bin Umayah R.A
- Hazrat Ubay bin Ka’b R.A
Muslims had a total of 75 camels and some necessary goods for Ghazwa. The Ghazwa started at midnight on 13th March. Muslims attacked the opponents, Hazrat Ali R.A began to attack the enemy first. Initially, many Muslims were injured and killed due to fewer weapons. But after that, Muslims asked for help and victory from Almighty Allah. Almighty Allah helped Muslims and sent angels to the battlefield.
Muslim won the battle, which was indeed a difficult one. Almighty Allah helped Muslims and answered their prayers. From this battle, Muslims got a lot of goods and many other things. The goods that Muslims got were distributed among all the people equally.
In the Holy Quran, the discussion of Ghazwa e Badr is mentioned many times with Ghazwa e Uhad.
The victory of Badar means a lot to Muslims. Although the Muslims were in the minority, approximately 313 (including Muhajirins and Ansars) and the Quraish of Makkah were in large number, around 1000. Also, the non-Muslims were fully equipped with all weapons. The people who took part in Ghazwa e Badar under the supervision of the Holy Prophet SAW are known as Badariyans.
In which Surah Ghazwa e Badar is mentioned?
Ghazwa e Badar is mentioned in Quran several times in different Surahs. In the following Surahs, Ghazwa e Badar is mentioned.
- Surah Al Imran
- Surah Al Anfal
- Surah Al Hajj
In Surah e Anfal, Ghazwa e Badar is described. It is also mentioned in Surah e Anfal that when Muslims asked helped from Almighty Allah, Allah SWT helped Muslims by sending 1000 angles on the battlefield.
Lessons from Ghazwa e Badar
There are some lessons that we have learned from Ghazwa e Badar.
The victory came from Allah’s will
From Ghazwa e Badar the most important lesson that we learn is that success and victory came from Allah’s will.
“And Allah made it not except as (a sign of) good things for you to reassure your hearts thereby. And victory is not except from Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” (Quran 3: 126)
“And already had Allah given you victory at Badr while you were few in number. Then fear Allah; perhaps you will be grateful.” (Quran 3:123)
“And you did not kill them, but it was Allah who killed them. And you threw not, [O Muhammad] when you threw, but it was Allah who threw that He might test the believers with a good test. Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.” (Quran 8:17)
Never underestimate the power of prayer
Another lesson we learn from Ghazwa e Badar is that never underestimate the power of prayer. Muhammad SAW and other Muslims asked for help and victory from Allah SWT in Ghazwa e Badar. Allah SWT answered their prayers and sent thousand (1000) angels to the battlefield.
[Remember] when you asked the help of your Lord, and He answered you, “Indeed, I will reinforce you with a thousand from the angels, rank after rank.” (Quran 8:9)
Power of Almighty Allah
Ghazwa e Badar teaches us that the power of Almighty Allah is endless. He descended 1000 angels for Muslims' help on the battlefield. All the power belongs to Allah. He can do whatever He wants.
Although the battle was not easy to win, with Almighty Allah’s help, Muslims won the battle, and indeed, it was a remarkable and great victory for Muslims.