Ameer Khusro Poetry - Ameer Khusro Shayari, Urdu Ghazal, Nazam Collection

Ameer Khusro Poetry, Ameer Khusro Shayari

1253 - 1325 Etah

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Amir Khusro Poetry

Born in the Delhi Sultanate in 1253, Amir Khusrau was born in Patiyali in the Kasganj district of present-day Uttar Pradesh, India. His mother was a native Indian mother named Daulat Naz, and his father, Amir Saif ud-Din Mahmud, was an ethnic Turk.

Amir Khusrau Dehlavi lived under the Delhi Sultanate in India and was an Indo-Persian Sufi singer, musician, poet, and scholar. In Indian subcontinent culture, he was an icon. Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi, India, was his mentor and spiritual teacher. Persian, but also Hindavi, is the language in which he wrote poetry. An Arabic-Persian and Hindavi vocabulary called the Khaliq Bari is often attributed to him.

Amir Khusrau has been called the father of Urdu literature, India's voice, and the Parrot of India. Khusrau is considered the father of qawwali, a devotional form of singing popular among the Sufis of India, and ghazal, a form of poetry popular in Pakistan and India.

Khusrau's expertise in Persian poetry was broad, from Khaqani's qasidas to Nizami's khamsa. The metrical scheme he used had 35 different divisions, and he wrote ghazals, masnavis, qatas, rubais, do-baitis, and tarkib-bands. His contribution greatly influenced the ghazal.

Amir Khusrow Personal life

The Sunni Muslim Amir Khusrau was a prominent figure. Born and raised in what is now Uzbekistan, Kesh is a small town near Samarkand. In his youth, the region had been ravaged and despoiled by Genghis Khan's invasion of Central Asia, and many people fled to India, which was a popular destination.

They took refuge in Balkh, a relatively safe place from Kesh, and sought assistance and refuge from the Sultan of distant Delhi. Amir Saif ud-Din was among these families. The group traveled to Delhi after this request was granted.

Unlike the Turks of Delhi, Sultan Shams ud-Din Iltutmish came from the same region of Central Asia and underwent similar circumstances in his early years.

To begin with, this is what prompted the group to turn to him.

Iltutmish granted several of the refugees high offices and lands as a reward for their citizenship. The district of Patiyali was granted to Amir Saif ud-Din in 1230.

Adding to his family lineage was a nobleman and war minister, Rawat Arz, to Bibi Daulat Naz, the daughter of Ghiyas al-Din Balban, the ninth Sultan of Delhi. Daulatnaz's family belonged to the Rajput community of modern-day Uttar Pradesh.

Amir Khusrau has three siblings of two were brothers and a sister. When he was only eight years old, his father, Amir Saif ud-Din, died.

Amir Khusro Education

In addition to fluency in Turkish, Persian, and Arabic, he absorbed Islam and Sufi philosophy from his father. According to the Encyclopaedia of Islam, he was referred to as Tuti-i Hind Parrot of India due to his eloquent style and canonical status as a poet of Persian. His father greatly influenced him. Amir Khusrau's admiration and love for his motherland are apparent in his work.

Amir Khusro had a brilliant mind. As a nine-year-old, he learned poetry and began writing it. A collection of poems composed between 16 and 18 years of age, Tuhfat us-Sighr The Gift of Childhood was his first divan.

Amir Khusrau Career

Malik Chajju, the nephew of Sultan Ghiyas ud-Din Balban, enlisted Amir Khusrau in his army. He was honored by the Assembly of the Royal Court as a result of this achievement. Balban's second son Nasir ud-Din Bughra Khan was invited to listen to Khusrau. In 1276, he became Khusrau's patron after being impressed.

Khusro visited Bughra Khan in 1279 while writing his second divan, Wast ul-Hayat, The Middle of Life, while he was the ruler of Bengal in 1277. After returning to Delhi, upon learning Khusrau was in Delhi, Balban's elder son, Khan Muhammad, invited him to his court by then in Multan.

He then traveled with Khusrau to Multan in 1281. The ancient city of Multan served as the gateway to India and was a center of knowledge and learning. Multan served as a transit point for scholars, traders, and emissaries traveling to Delhi from Baghdad, Arabia, and Persia.

Khan Muhammad died in battle against Mongol invasion forces on March 09, 1285. During the grief of his death, Amir Khusrow composed two elegies. Amir Ali Hatim, another patron of Khusrau, accompanied him to Awadh in 1287. Balban asked Bughra Khan to come back home from Bengal when he was eighty, but Bughra Khan refused.

At the age of 17, Muiz Ud-Din Qaiqabad, the grandson of Bughra Khan and the grandson of Balban, became Sultan of Delhi after his grandfather died in 1287. In 1287 and 1288, Amir Khusrau remained in Qaiqabad's service. A masnavi was completed by Khusro in 1288. Two auspicious stars exchanged greetings in Qiran. After a long enmity, Bughra Khan met Muiz ud-Din Qaiqabad.

Until recently, Turko-Afghans were known as Firuz Khalji. Shams ud-Din Kayumars was appointed Sultan by the nobles after Qaiqabad was paralyzed in 1290. When he marched on Delhi, Qaiqabad was killed, and he became Sultan, thus ending the Mamluk or Delhi Sultanate dynasty and beginning the Khalji.

The court of Jaalal ud-Din Firuz Khalji welcomed many poets and appreciated poetry. His court accorded Husrau the title Amir and honored him. Mushaf-dar was his title.

Amir Khusrow Poetry Books

Khusrau's experience in the courtroom influenced his literary work. Every night, Khusrau's ghazals were sung before the Sultan in his presence by singing girls. His work is elaborated in these books mentioned below for your consideration.

  • Tuhfat us-Sighr
  • Qiran us-Sa’dain
  • Miftah ul-Futuh
  • Wast ul-Hayat
  • Ghurrat ul-Kamaal
  • Khaza'in ul-Futuh
  • Khamsa-e-Khusrau
  • Matla ul-Anwar
  • Khusrau-Shirin
  • Laila-Majnun
  • Aina-e-Sikandari
  • Hasht-Bihisht
  • Saqiana
  • Duval Rani - Khizr Khan
  • Nuh Sipihr
  • Ijaz-e-Khusravi
  • Baqia-Naqia
  • Afzal ul-Fawaid
  • Tughlaq Nama
  • Nihayat ul-Kamaal
  • Ashiqa
  • Qissa Chahar Dervesh
  • Ḳhāliq Bārī
  • Jawahir-e-Khusravi

Legacy of Amir Khusrau

The Delhi Sultanate attributed more than seven rulers to Amir Khusrau, a prolific classical poet. Amir Khusro Quotes were very popular among the courtiers and rulers. Further, Amir Khusrow Ghazal remained popular till now. South Asia retains many of its riddles, songs, and legends as part of its culture. Today, Hindavi poetry is most commonly associated with his riddles.

Wordplay and double entendre are typical in this genre. Since the middle of the seventeenth century, there have been countless riddles by the poet passed down orally. Khusrau represents one of the first recorded Indians with a truly multicultural or pluralistic identity through his literary output. In addition to qaul, qalbana, naqsh, gul, tarana, and khyal, Khusrau has created six other types of music. However, there is insufficient evidence to support this claim.

His primary language was Persian. There is no evidence that Khusrau composed the Hindustani verses known as Hindavi before the 18th century, so they are attributed to him. Vedas in Hindustani appear to be composed in a relatively modern language. He also wrote a Punjabi war ballad. In addition to English, he also spoke Arabic and Sanskrit. In Indian and Pakistani Sufi shrines, his poetry is still sung today.

Amir Khusro Death

Amir Khusrau died in October 1325. When he died, he was aged 71–72 years old in Delhi, Delhi Sultanate.