Urdu Marsiya Poetry - Structure of Urdu Marsiya Shayari, Significance in Islamic History

Urdu Marsiya Poetry is a form of Urdu Poetry that relates to the mourning of the death of a loved one. Mostly, it is associated with the incident of Karbala and the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain. From the origin of Urdu Poetry, Urdu Marsiyas Shayari are a significant part of it. At UrduPoint, you can read the updated collection of Urdu Marsiyas Poetry from famous poets.

حُسَین

Rehman Faris - رحمان فارس

Hussain

Rehman Faris Urdu Poetry

چھ ماہ کا وہ بے بس و معصُوم شیرخوار

Rehman Faris - رحمان فارس

6 Maah Ka Wo Bebas O Masoom Sherkhawar

Rehman Faris Urdu Poetry

کیا بتاؤں کہ اصغر پہ لکھتے ھُوئے وقت کیسا کٹا

Rehman Faris - رحمان فارس

Kiya Bataoon K Ashgar Pey Likhte Hue Waqt Kaise Kata

Rehman Faris Urdu Poetry

سَر دیکھ کے چِلّائی بہَن، ھائے حُسَینا !

Rehman Faris - رحمان فارس

Sar Dekh K Chilai Behen Haye Hussaina

Rehman Faris Urdu Poetry

اِنّا لِلّہِ وَ اِنّا اِلَیہِ رَاجِعُون

Rehman Faris - رحمان فارس

Inna Lillaha Wa Inna Elahai Rajion

Rehman Faris Urdu Poetry

یہ کون مرد آیا کہ لرزاں ھے کائنات ؟

Rehman Faris - رحمان فارس

Yeh Kon Mard Aya Hai K Larzaan Hai Kainat

Rehman Faris Urdu Poetry

فنا کی رھگذر پہ منزلِ بقا حُسَین ھے

Rehman Faris - رحمان فارس

Fana Ki Rahguzar Pey Manzil Baqa E Hussain Hai

Rehman Faris Urdu Poetry

زخم خُوردہ کون ؟ شیرِ حق، علی عالی جناب

Rehman Faris - رحمان فارس

Zakham Khurda Kon Sheer Haq Ali Aali Janab

Rehman Faris Urdu Poetry

تلوار ہے خدا کی تو طاقت علی کی ہے

Dr Nighat Nasim - ڈاکٹر نگہت نسیم

Talwar Hai Khuda Ki Tu Taqat Ali Ki Hai

Dr Nighat Nasim Urdu Poetry

سچ کی کھری دلیل شہادت حسین کی

Dr Nighat Nasim - ڈاکٹر نگہت نسیم

Sach Ki Khari Dalil Shahadat Hussain Ki

Dr Nighat Nasim Urdu Poetry

ہاں روئے جس کے لیے کائنات وہ ہے حسین

Dr Nighat Nasim - ڈاکٹر نگہت نسیم

Haan Roye Jis K Liye Kainat Wo Hai Hussain

Dr Nighat Nasim Urdu Poetry

لبیک ہی تو کہنا تھا ۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔ ماہ محرم

Dr Nighat Nasim - ڈاکٹر نگہت نسیم

Labaik Hi Tu Kehna Tha

Dr Nighat Nasim Urdu Poetry

مکمل سلام ۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔

Nasreen Syed - نسرین سید

Mukamal Salam

Nasreen Syed Urdu Poetry

سلام ۔۔۔۔۔

Nasreen Syed - نسرین سید

Salam

Nasreen Syed Urdu Poetry

سلام ۔۔۔۔۔

Nasreen Syed - نسرین سید

Salam

Nasreen Syed Urdu Poetry

درِ شبیرؑ پہ پلکوں کو بِچھانے والے

Mubashir Saeed - مبشر سعید

Dar Shabbir Pey Palkoon Ko Bichane Wale

Mubashir Saeed Urdu Poetry

جب علیؑ خون کے اطوار سراسر جاگے

Mubashir Saeed - مبشر سعید

Jab Ali Ra Khoon K Atwar Sarasar Jage

Mubashir Saeed Urdu Poetry

صفِ احساس بِچھاتا ہوں تو رو دیتا ہوں

Mubashir Saeed - مبشر سعید

Saaf E Ehsaas Bichata Hoon Tu Roo Deta Hoon

Mubashir Saeed Urdu Poetry

کر دیا کفر کا انکار، نہیں مانتے ہیں

Mubashir Saeed - مبشر سعید

Kar Diya Kufar Ka Inkar Nahi Mante Hain

Mubashir Saeed Urdu Poetry

وقت مجبور ہے

Fakhra Noreen - فاخرہ نورین

Waqt Majboor Hai

Fakhra Noreen Urdu Poetry

سلام

Umair Najmi - عمیر نجمی

Salam

Umair Najmi Urdu Poetry

ہر ایسا اشک جو شبّیر کے لئے نہ گرے

Umair Najmi - عمیر نجمی

Har Aisa Ashak Ju Shabbir K Liye Na Gire

Umair Najmi Urdu Poetry

فنا کے دشت میں نقشِ دوام آتا ہے

Majeed Akhtar - مجید اختر

Fana K Dasht Main Naqsh E Dawam Ata Hai

Majeed Akhtar Urdu Poetry

سر پر عمامہ احمدِ مختار کا سجا

Majeed Akhtar - مجید اختر

Sar Per Imama Ahmad E Mukhar Ka Saja

Majeed Akhtar Urdu Poetry

ذکرِ سبطِ سیدِ خیرالوریٰ کرتا تھا رات

Majeed Akhtar - مجید اختر

Ziker Sabt E Syed Khair Ul Wara Karta Tha Raat

Majeed Akhtar Urdu Poetry

فکر پر ہے مرے فیضانِ ابا عبداللہ

Majeed Akhtar - مجید اختر

Fiker Per Hai Mere Faizan Aba Abdullah

Majeed Akhtar Urdu Poetry

یاد حسین میں ایک سوال

Aftab Ahmad Shah - آفتاب احمد شاہ

Yaad E Hussain Mein Aik Sawal

Aftab Ahmad Shah Urdu Poetry

سبھی غموں سے بڑا غم شہ امم ترا غم

Tauqeer Abbas - توقیر عباس

Sabhi Ghamon Se Bada Gham Shahe Umam Tera Gham

Tauqeer Abbas Urdu Poetry

درّ بتول ہوں شیرِ جَلی کا بیٹا ہوں

Mohammad Mahmood Ahmad - محمد محمود احمد

Dar E Batool Hoon Shair Jali Ka Beta Hoon

Mohammad Mahmood Ahmad Urdu Poetry

ہاشمی شہیدوں کی بے کسی سفر میں ہے

Mohammad Mahmood Ahmad - محمد محمود احمد

Hashmi Shaheedon Ki Be Kasi Safar Mein Hai

Mohammad Mahmood Ahmad Urdu Poetry

سلام

Kiran Ujaala - کرن اُجالا

Rat Mein Deep Jalane Wale

غم حسین میں آنسو بہا رہی ہو گی

Adnan Bashir - عدنان بشیر

Gham E Hussain Mein Aansu Baha Rahi Hogi

Adnan Bashir Urdu Poetry

Marsiya is derived from the Arabic word ‘Risa' meaning a tragedy or an elegy for a departed soul. We can say that a short poem written to mourn the death of a deceased person is called Marsiya. Being a famous genre of poetry developed in the Mughal period of India, Marsiya was bound to represent multiculturalism in the subcontinent. It was indeed an imaginative way to mourn your friend’s departure.

Josh Malihabadi was an Urdu Marsiya Shayari critic, and he laid the basis of modern Marsiya. Modern Urdu Marsiya was taken out from the imagination of migrated Pakistani’s or was living in Pakistan even before partition. It is considered as ancient as our Urdu poetry. During the reign of Quli Qutub Shah, Marsiyas were much appreciated and composed into a ghazal. Marsiya was not only written by Muslim poets, Syed Ashoor Kazmi told that 17 Hindu poets tried their hand at Marsiya.

Marsiya Writers

Some of the famous Muslim poets of Marsia are Josh Malihabadi, Mirza Rafi Sauda, Mir Anis, Syed Sajjad Hussein, Dr. Syed Imam Zaidi, Ali Haider Tabatabai, Najm Afandi, Mirza Dabeer. Some famous Hindu Marsia poets were Maharaja Kishan Parshad, Kali Das Gupta Raza, and Jagan Nath Azaad. Some women Marsia writers were Malka-e-Zamani, Askari Khatoon, and Razia Begum Riazat, etc.

Islamic History of Marsiya

It is a poem of mourning that is now especially associated with the incident of Karbala and to describe the battle fought between Hazrat Imam Husain and his supporters against Yazid in Iraq. The tragedy of Karbala is symbolized with religious, cultural, and political dimensions. Josh Malihabadi described the importance of understanding Hussain’s motivation rather than pointing at the tragedy itself.

Just as Homer gives us an imaginative version of the Trojan War in the Iliad, as Milton gives us an imaginative version in Paradise Lost about the fall of mankind, in the same way Marsiya writers have elaborated the tragedy of the Islamic world tremendously in the form of Marsiya. According to some ancient historians, first Marsiya was recited by Hussain’s sister, Zainab, and son Zain-al-Abedin after the martyrdom in a battle against Yazid.

Structure of Marsiya

Marsiya comprises six-line units, with a quatrain and a couplet with an unmatching rhyme scheme. It is a writing in six-line with a rhyme scheme of AA, AA, and BB. They are traditionally recited by Marsia Khwans. A Marsiya has the following sections:

  • Chehra: Starting part of praise of God, the Prophet, Ali, Hussain or the praise of poet himself.
  • Majrah: Introduction to the protagonist (main character).
  • Sarapa: Physical and spiritual credibility of the protagonist.
  • Rukhsat: Protagonist going out for battlefield (Karbala).
  • Rajaz:  Noble family along with lifestyle and personal virtues of the protagonist.
  • Jung: Description of the battle (Battle of Karbala).
  • Shahadat: Martyrdom of protagonist.
  • Dua: Mourning sentiments of poet himself.

FAQs

What is the meaning of the Urdu word Marsiya?

 An elegy in the mourning of a dead friend. In Urdu literature, Marsiya is wrote in praise of Hazrat Imam Hussain, who were martyrs at the battle of Karbala.

How do you write Marsiya?

Marsiya is a sad poem or an elegy consisting of six-line units with a quatrain and a couplet of different rhyme schemes. The rhyme scheme can be AA, AA, and BB.

What does Marsiya symbolize?

Marsiya symbolizes the unfortunate martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Husain and his fellows in the battle of Karbala against Yazid. It holds great significance in the history of Islam. 

How was Marsiya initiated?

Mercia was supposed to be a sad poem or mourning about a dead person, but it is after associated with the incident of Karbala and written for the martyrdom Hazrat Imam Hussain.